IMPRESS dotted_line CONTACT dotted_line search dotted_line Kontakt dotted_line sitemap dotted_line print
324 PHP-Resource users online

Switch to another languags Deutsch aktuelle Sprache Englisch

PHP Manual

Lighttpd 1.4 on Unix systems

This section contains notes and hints specific to Lighttpd 1.4 installs of PHP on Unix systems.

Please use the » Lighttpd trac to learn how to install Lighttpd properly before continuing.

Fastcgi is the preferred SAPI to connect PHP and Lighttpd. Fastcgi is automagically enabled in php-cgi in PHP 5.3, but for older versions configure PHP with --enable-fastcgi. To confirm that PHP has fastcgi enabled, php -v should contain PHP 5.2.5 (cgi-fcgi) Before PHP 5.2.3, fastcgi was enabled on the php binary (there was no php-cgi).

Letting Lighttpd spawn php processes

To configure Lighttpd to connect to php and spawn fastcgi processes, edit lighttpd.conf. Sockets are preferred to connect to fastcgi processes on the local system.

Example #1 Partial lighttpd.conf

server.modules += ( "mod_fastcgi" )

fastcgi.server = ( ".php" =>
    "socket" => "/tmp/php.socket",
    "bin-path" => "/usr/local/bin/php-cgi",
    "bin-environment" => (
      "PHP_FCGI_CHILDREN" => "16",
      "PHP_FCGI_MAX_REQUESTS" => "10000"
    "min-procs" => 1,
    "max-procs" => 1,
    "idle-timeout" => 20

The bin-path directive allows lighttpd to spawn fastcgi processes dynamically. PHP will spawn children according to the PHP_FCGI_CHILDREN environment variable. The "bin-environment" directive sets the environment for the spawned processes. PHP will kill a child process after the number of requests specified by PHP_FCGI_MAX_REQUESTS is reached. The directives "min-procs" and "max-procs" should generally be avoided with PHP. PHP manages its own children and opcode caches like APC will only share among children managed by PHP. If "min-procs" is set to something greater than 1, the total number of php responders will be multiplied PHP_FCGI_CHILDREN (2 min-procs * 16 children gives 32 responders).

Spawning with spawn-fcgi

Lighttpd provides a program called spawn-fcgi to ease the process of spawning fastcgi processes easier.

Spawning php-cgi

It is possible to spawn processes without spawn-fcgi, though a bit of heavy-lifting is required. Setting the PHP_FCGI_CHILDREN environment var controls how many children PHP will spawn to handle incoming requests. Setting PHP_FCGI_MAX_REQUESTS will determine how long (in requests) each child will live. Here's a simple bash script to help spawn php responders.

Example #2 Spawning FastCGI Responders


# Location of the php-cgi binary

# PID File location

# Binding to an address
# Binding to a domain socket



echo $! > "$PHP_PID"

Connecting to remote FCGI instances

Fastcgi instances can be spawned on multiple remote machines in order to scale applications.

Example #3 Connecting to remote php-fastcgi instances

fastcgi.server = ( ".php" =>
   (( "host" => "", "port" => 1030 ),
    ( "host" => "", "port" => 1030 ))

Comments to the PHP manual
Write new comment


New Tutorial entries

Migration einer PHP 5 App auf PHP 7

Dieses PHP 7 Tutorial zeigt dir, wie du dein PHP5 Script auf PHP7 umstellst.

Berni | Category: PHP
PHP 7 Virtual Machine

Dieser Artikel zielt darauf ab, einen Überblick über die Zend Virtual Machine, wie es in PHP 7 gefunden wird.

Berni | Category: PHP
plotting masters - a professional guide - Teil II

Grafische Interpolation und Bestapproximation von numerischen Wertepaaren: Wir wollen Punkte auf einer Zeichenebene über verschiedene Verfahren miteinander verbinden.

EVAMasters | Category: PHP