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PHP Manual


fgets

(PHP 4, PHP 5)

fgetsGets line from file pointer

Description

string fgets ( resource $handle [, int $length ] )

Gets a line from file pointer.

Parameters

handle

The file pointer must be valid, and must point to a file successfully opened by fopen() or fsockopen() (and not yet closed by fclose()).

length

Reading ends when length - 1 bytes have been read, on a newline (which is included in the return value), or on EOF (whichever comes first). If no length is specified, it will keep reading from the stream until it reaches the end of the line.

Note:

Until PHP 4.3.0, omitting it would assume 1024 as the line length. If the majority of the lines in the file are all larger than 8KB, it is more resource efficient for your script to specify the maximum line length.

Return Values

Returns a string of up to length - 1 bytes read from the file pointed to by handle. If there is no more data to read in the file pointer, then FALSE is returned.

If an error occurs, FALSE is returned.

Changelog

Version Description
4.3.0 fgets() is now binary safe
4.2.0 The length parameter became optional

Examples

Example #1 Reading a file line by line

<?php
$handle 
= @fopen("/tmp/inputfile.txt""r");
if (
$handle) {
    while ((
$buffer fgets($handle4096)) !== false) {
        echo 
$buffer;
    }
    if (!
feof($handle)) {
        echo 
"Error: unexpected fgets() fail\n";
    }
    
fclose($handle);
}
?>

Notes

Note: If PHP is not properly recognizing the line endings when reading files either on or created by a Macintosh computer, enabling the auto_detect_line_endings run-time configuration option may help resolve the problem.

Note:

People used to the 'C' semantics of fgets() should note the difference in how EOF is returned.

See Also




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