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PHP Manual


grapheme_substr

(PHP 5 >= 5.3.0, PECL intl >= 1.0.0)

grapheme_substrReturn part of a string

Description

Procedural style

int grapheme_substr ( string $string , int $start [, int $length ] )

Return part of a string

Parameters

string

The input string. Must be valid UTF-8.

start

Start position in default grapheme units. If $start is non-negative, the returned string will start at the $start'th position in $string, counting from zero. If $start is negative, the returned string will start at the $start'th grapheme unit from the end of string.

length

Length in grapheme units. If $length is given and is positive, the string returned will contain at most $length grapheme units beginning from $start (depending on the length of string). If $length is given and is negative, then that many grapheme units will be omitted from the end of string (after the start position has been calculated when a start is negative). If $start denotes a position beyond this truncation, FALSE will be returned.

Return Values

Returns the extracted part of $string.

Changelog

Version Description
5.4 If length is given and positive and the argument string is shorter than the specified length, all the rest of the string according to start parameter is returned. Previously, FALSE was returned.

Examples

Example #1 grapheme_substr() example

<?php

$char_a_ring_nfd 
"a\xCC\x8A";  // 'LATIN SMALL LETTER A WITH RING ABOVE' (U+00E5) normalization form "D"
$char_o_diaeresis_nfd "o\xCC\x88"// 'LATIN SMALL LETTER O WITH DIAERESIS' (U+00F6) normalization form "D"

print urlencode(grapheme_substr"ao" $char_a_ring_nfd "bc" $char_o_diaeresis_nfd "O"2, -));
?>

The above example will output:

a%CC%8Abco%CC%88

See Also




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